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VITAVM®9

Natural fine-structure feldspar veneering ceramic for zirconia frameworks, VITABLOCS Mark II and PM 9

VITA VM 9 is a highly-esthetic, fine-structure feldspar ceramic that is perfectly adapted to the CTE value of zirconia frameworks (approx. 10.5, e.g. such as VITA YZ) – regardless of whether they are white, colored or translucent.

In addition, you can also use VITA VM 9 for individualizing restorations made from VITABLOCS MARK II and VITA PM 9 press ceramic pellets.

The main components are pure-grade potash and albite feldspar materials that offer brilliant shade effects as well as optimum physical properties, such as extreme flexural strength values.

Thanks to its homogeneous, compact surface, VITA VM 9 supports outstanding grinding and polishing, particularly in situ. This results in smooth and densely compact surfaces.

Accumulation of plaque on the ceramic surface is significantly reduced, supporting the patient in caring for their high-quality restoration.

VITA VM 9 is a high-quality system component provided by the innovative VITA VM concept – the universal solution for all common indications. Metal-ceramics, all-ceramics or composite: the possibilities are endless!

VITA AKZENT Plus and VITA INTERNO stains are also available for individual finalization.

Features/Benefits

  • Natural shade effects, light dynamics and optimum physical properties thanks to the fine structure
  • Excellent bonding for reliable results and long-term success
  • Minimum shrinkage behavior for accurate firing
  • Excellent modeling characteristics for fast and accurate application of the ceramic
  • Comprehensive range of additional materials for excellent photo-optic effects
  • Can be individualized using VITA AKZENT Plus and VITA INTERNO
  • Process reliability thanks to long-standing experience
  • Available in VITA SYSTEM 3D-Master and VITA classical A1 – D4 shades

VITAVM®9 products

VITAVM®9 VITA classical A1-D4®

VITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE, 12 g / 50 g
Description Powder no. Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
A1 ENL B4243112 B4243150
A2 ENL B4243212 B4243250
A3 ENL B4243312 B4243350
A3.5 END B4243412 B4243450
A4 END B4243512 B4243550
B1 END B4243612 B4243650
B2 END B4243712 B4243750
B3 END B4243812 B4243850
B4 END B4243912 B4243950
C1 END B4244012 B4244050
C2 END B4244112 B4244150
C3 ENL B4244212 B4244250
C4 ENL B4244312 B4244350
D2 END B4244412 B4244450
D3 END B4244512 B4244550
D4 END B4244612 B4244650
VITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE, 12 g / 50 g
Description Powder no. Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
A1 ENL B4245112 B4245150
A2 ENL B4245212 B4245250
A3 ENL B4245312 B4245350
A3.5 END B4245412 B4245450
A4 END B4245512 B4245550
B1 END B4245612 B4245650
B2 END B4245712 B4245750
B3 END B4245812 B4245850
B4 END B4245912 B4245950
C1 END B4246012 B4246050
C2 END B4246112 B4246150
C3 ENL B4246212 B4246250
C4 ENL B4246312 B4246350
D2 END B4246412 B4246450
D3 END B4246512 B4246550
D4 END B4246612 B4246650

VITAVM®9 VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®

VITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE, 12 g / 50 g
Description Powder no. Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
0M1 ENL B4203112 B4203150
0M2 ENL B4203212 B4203250
0M3 ENL B4203312 B4203350
1M1 ENL B4203412 B4203450
1M2 ENL B4203512 B4203550
2L1.5 ENL B4203612 B4203650
2L2.5 ENL B4203712 B4203750
2M1 ENL B4203812 B4203850
2M2 ENL B4203912 B4203950
2M3 ENL B4204012 B4204050
2R1.5 ENL B4204112 B4204150
2R2.5 ENL B4204212 B4204250
3L1.5 ENL B4204312 B4204350
3L2.5 ENL B4204412 B4204450
3M1 ENL B4204512 B4204550
3M2 ENL B4204612 B4204650
3M3 ENL B4204712 B4204750
3R1.5 ENL B4204812 B4204850
3R2.5 ENL B4204912 B4204950
4L1.5 END B4205012 B4205050
4L2.5 END B4205112 B4205150
4M1 END B4205212 B4205250
4M2 END B4205312 B4205350
4M3 END B4205412 B4205450
4R1.5 END B4205512 B4205550
4R2.5 END B4205612 B4205650
5M1 END B4205712 B4205750
5M2 END B4205812 B4205850
5M3 END B4205912 B4205950
VITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE, 12 g / 50 g
Description Powder no. Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
0M1 ENL B4206112 B4206150
0M2 ENL B4206212 B4206250
0M3 ENL B4206312 B4206350
1M1 ENL B4206412 B4206450
1M2 ENL B4206512 B4206550
2L1.5 ENL B4206612 B4206650
2L2.5 ENL B4206712 B4206750
2M1 ENL B4206812 B4206850
2M2 ENL B4206912 B4206950
2M3 ENL B4207012 B4207050
2R1.5 ENL B4207112 B4207150
2R2.5 ENL B4207212 B4207250
3L1.5 ENL B4207312 B4207350
3L2.5 ENL B4207412 B4207450
3M1 ENL B4207512 B4207550
3M2 ENL B4207612 B4207650
3M3 ENL B4207712 B4207750
3R1.5 ENL B4207812 B4207850
3R2.5 ENL B4207912 B4207950
4L1.5 END B4208012 B4208050
4L2.5 END B4208112 B4208150
4M1 END B4208212 B4208250
4M2 END B4208312 B4208350
4M3 END B4208412 B4208450
4R1.5 END B4208512 B4208550
4R2.5 END B4208612 B4208650
5M1 END B4208712 B4208750
5M2 END B4208812 B4208850
5M3 END B4208912 B4208950

VITAVM®9 additional powder
compatible with VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER and VITA classical A1-D4 shades

VITA VM 9 EFFECT ENAMEL, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EE1 B4209112
EE2 B4209212
EE3 B4209312
EE4 B4209412
EE5 B4209512
EE6 B4209612
EE7 B4209712
EE8 B4209812
EE9 B4209912
EE10 B4210012
EE11 B4210112
VITA VM 9 EFFECT CHROMA, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EC1 B4212112
EC2 B4212212
EC3 B4212312
EC4 B4212412
EC5 B4212512
EC6 B4212612
EC7 B4212712
EC8 B4212812
EC9 B4212912
EC10 B4213012
EC11 B4213112
VITA VM 9 EFFECT LINER, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EL1 B4214112
EL2 B4214212
EL3 B4214312
EL4 B4214412
EL5 B4214512
EL6 B4214612
VITA VM 9 EFFECT PEARL, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EP1 B4215112
EP2 B4215212
EP3 B4215312
VITA VM 9 MAMELON, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
MM1 B4216112
MM2 B4216212
MM3 B4216312
VITA VM 9 EFFECT OPAL, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EO1 B4217112
EO2 B4217212
EO3 B4217312
EO4 B4217412
EO5 B4217512
VITA VM 9 WINDOW, 12 g / 50 g / 250 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g Prod. no. 250 g
WIN B4218112 B4218150 B42181250
VITA VM 9 ENAMEL, 12 g / 50 g / 250 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g Prod. no. 250 g
ENL B4219112 B4219150 B42191250
END B4219212 B4219250 B42192250
VITA VM 9 NEUTRAL, 12 g / 50 g / 250 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g Prod. no. 250 g
NT B4220112 B4220150 B42201250
VITA VM 9 CORRECTIVE, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
COR1 B4222112
COR2 B4222212
COR3 B4222312
VITA VM 9 GINGIVA, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
G1 B4223112
G2 B4223212
G3 B4223312
G4 B4223412
G5 B4223512
VITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
CP1 B4224112
CP2 B4224212
CP3 B4224312
CP4 B4224412
CP5 B4224512
VITA VM 9 MARGIN, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
M1 B4226112
M4 B4226412
M5 B4226512
M7 B4226712
M8 B4226812
M9 B4226912
VITA VM 9 ADD-ON, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
ADD1 B4229112
ADD2 B4229212
ADD3 B4229312
ADD4 B4229412
ADD5 B4229512
ADD6 B4229612
ADD7 B4229712
ADD8 B4229812
VITA VM 9 SUN DENTINE, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
SD1 B4236112
SD2 B4236212
SD3 B4236312

VITAVM®9 kits

VITAVM®9 VITA classical A1-D4®

VITAVM®9 BASIC KIT VITA classical A1-D4®
Basic kit for BASIC layering
BV9BK12CV2
QuantityContentMaterial
1612 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE A1 - D4
512 gVITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS CP1 - CP5
212 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 9 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
312 gVITA VM 9 CORRECTIVE COR1 - COR3
312 gVITA VM 9 SUN DENTINE SD1 - SD3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
1VITA MODISOL
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Firing base G (pack of 2 trays and 20 pins)
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 9 classical
1VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide
VITAVM®9 BASIC KIT SMALL VITA classical A1-D4®
Small basic kit for BASIC layering
BV9BKS12CV2
QuantityContentMaterial
612 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE A1 - A3.5, B3, D3
512 gVITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS CP1 - CP5
212 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 9 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
112 gVITA VM 9 CORRECTIVE COR1
312 gVITA VM 9 SUN DENTINE SD1 - SD3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
1VITA MODISOL
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Firing base G (pack of 2 trays and 20 pins)
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 9 classical
1VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide
VITAVM®9 BUILD UP KIT VITA classical A1-D4®
Build-up kit for BUILD UP layering
BV9BUK12CV1
QuantityContentMaterial
1612 gVITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE A1 - D4
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
VITAVM®9 BUILD UP KIT SMALL VITA classical A1-D4®
Small build-up kit for BUILD UP layering
BV9BUKS12CV1
QuantityContentMaterial
612 gVITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE A1 - A3.5, B3, D3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
VITAVM®9 CLASSICAL COLOR KIT
Add-on kit for VITA VM 9 3D-MASTER users
BV9CCK12V2*
QuantityContentMaterial
1612 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE A1 - D4
1612 gVITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE A1 - D4
212 gVITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS CP1, CP5
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 9 classical
1VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide
* Assortment for VITA VM 9 SYSTEM 3D-MASTER customers who would like to add VITA classical A1-D4 to their existing range of materials
VITAVM®9 ONE COLOR KIT A3
One-shade kit for initial tests
BV9OCKA3V3
QuantityContentMaterial
112 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE A3
212 gVITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS CP2 - CP3
112 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
15 gVITA AKZENT Plus GLAZE POWDER
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
120 mlVITA AKZENT Plus POWDER FLUID
1VITA shade indicator stick A3

VITAVM®9 VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®

VITAVM®9 BASIC KIT VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Basic kit for BASIC layering
BV9BK12V3
QuantityContentMaterial
2612 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE 1M1 - 1M2, 2L1.5 - 2L2.5, 2M1 - 2M3, 2R1.5 - 2R2.5, 3L1.5 - 3L2.5, 3M1 - 3M3, 3R1.5 - 3R2.5, 4L1.5 - 4L2.5, 4M1 - 4M3, 4R1.5 - 4R2.5, 5M1 - 5M3
212 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 9 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
312 gVITA VM 9 CORRECTIVE COR1 - COR3
312 gVITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS CP2 - CP4
312 gVITA VM 9 SUN DENTINE SD1 - SD3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
1VITA MODISOL
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Firing base G (pack of 2 trays and 20 pins)
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 9 3D-MASTER
1VITA Toothguide 3D-Master with Bleached Shade Guide
VITAVM®9 BASIC KIT SMALL VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Small basic kit for BASIC layering
BV9BKS12V3
QuantityContentMaterial
1512 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE 1M1 - 4M3
212 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 9 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
112 gVITA VM 9 CORRECTIVE COR1
312 gVITA VM 9 CHROMA PLUS CP2 - CP4
312 gVITA VM 9 SUN DENTINE SD1 - SD3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
1VITA MODISOL
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Firing base G (pack of 2 trays and 20 pins)
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 9 3D-MASTER
1VITA Toothguide 3D-Master with Bleached Shade Guide
VITAVM®9 BLEACHED COLOR KIT VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Very light shades to reproduce bleached teeth
BV9BLKV2
QuantityContentMaterial
312 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE 0M1 - 0M3
312 gVITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE 0M1 - 0M3
112 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL
112 gVITA VM 9 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
1VITA BLEACHED SHADE GUIDE, Shade Group 0
VITAVM®9 BUILD UP KIT VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Build-up kit for BUILD UP layering
BV9BUK12V1
QuantityContentMaterial
2612 gVITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE 1M1 - 1M2, 2L1.5 - 2L2.5, 2M1 - 2M3, 2R1.5 - 2R2.5, 3L1.5 - 3L2.5, 3M1 - 3M3, 3R1.5 - 3R2.5, 4L1.5 - 4L2.5, 4M1 - 4M3, 4R1.5 - 4R2.5, 5M1 - 5M3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
VITAVM®9 BUILD UP KIT SMALL VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Small build-up kit for BUILD UP layering
BV9BUKS12V1
QuantityContentMaterial
1512 gVITA VM 9 TRANSPA DENTINE 1M1 - 4M3
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
VITAVM®9 ONE COLOR KIT 3M2
One-shade kit for initial tests
BV9OCK3M2V3
QuantityContentMaterial
112 gVITA VM 9 BASE DENTINE 3M2
112 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
15 gVITA AKZENT Plus GLAZE POWDER
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
120 mlVITA AKZENT Plus POWDER FLUID
1VITA shade indicator stick 3M2

VITAVM®9 additional powder
compatible with VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER and VITA classical A1-D4 shades

VITAVM®9 ADD-ON KIT
Set including individualization materials and accessories
BV9AOKV1
QuantityContentMaterial
812 gVITA VM 9 ADD-ON ADD1 - ADD8
15 gVITA AKZENT Plus GLAZE LT POWDER
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
120 mlVITA AKZENT Plus POWDER FLUID
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Shade guide for VITA VM 9 ADD-ON
1Brush No. 3 a <(>&<)> e
VITAVM®9 ESTHETIC KIT for VITABLOCS for CEREC
Additional materials for customizing VITABLOCS
BV9EKCV2
QuantityContentMaterial
1VITABLOCS Mark II 3D Sample Set
112 gVITA VM 9 WINDOW WIN
112 gVITA VM 9 NEUTRAL NT
212 gVITA VM 9 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT PEARL EP1
212 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT ENAMEL EE1, EE10
112 gVITA VM 9 CORRECTIVE COR1
14 gVITA AKZENT Plus FINISHING AGENT PASTE
14 gVITA AKZENT Plus GLAZE PASTE
112 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT OPAL EO2
212 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT CHROMA EC1, EC4
112 gVITA VM 9 MAMELON MM2
150 mlVITA MODELLING FLUID RS
115 mlVITA AKZENT Plus PASTE FLUID
1Firing tray W for crowns and bridges
12 pcs.Platinum pins for firing tray W
VITAVM®9 GINGIVA KIT
Natural-looking gingiva pastes
BV9GKV1
QuantityContentMaterial
512 gVITA VM 9 GINGIVA G1 - G5
1Shade guide for VITA VM GINGIVA / MARGIN
VITAVM®9 MARGIN KIT
Only for minor corrections in the area of margins
BV9MKV1
QuantityContentMaterial
612 gVITA VM 9 MARGIN M1, M4 - M5, M7 - M9
1Shade guide for VITA VM GINGIVA / MARGIN
VITAVM®9 PROFESSIONAL KIT SMALL
Additional materials for achieving special shade effects and individualizing the restoration
BV9PKS
QuantityContentMaterial
512 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT CHROMA EC1, EC4, EC6, EC8 - EC9
112 gVITA VM 9 MAMELON MM2
112 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT PEARL EP1
112 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT OPAL EO2
712 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT ENAMEL EE1, EE3, EE7 - EE11
1Shade guide for VITA VM PROFESSIONAL KIT SMALL
VITAVM®9 PROFESSIONAL KIT
Additional materials for achieving special shade effects and individualizing the restoration
BV9PKV2
QuantityContentMaterial
1112 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT CHROMA EC1 - EC11
312 gVITA VM 9 MAMELON MM1 - MM3
312 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT PEARL EP1 - EP3
512 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT OPAL EO1 - EO5
1112 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT ENAMEL EE1 - EE11
612 gVITA VM 9 EFFECT LINER EL1 - EL6
1Shade guide for VITA VM EFFECT CHROMA
1Shade guide for VITA VM EFFECT LINER / EFFECT OPAL / MAMELON
1Shade guide for VITA VM EFFECT ENAMEL / EFFECT PEARL
VITA AKZENT® Plus

VITA AKZENT® Plus
Optimizes everything. Effortlessly.

VITA INTERNO®

VITA INTERNO®
For reproducing the shade effects found in the tooth interior

VITA Easyshade®

VITA Easyshade®
One device – a multitude of applications. And always with your needs in mind.

VITA VACUMAT® 6000 M

VITA VACUMAT® 6000 M
Premium ceramic furnace with surprising details and impressive reliability

Product information brochure up to 4 pages

No. 1192 VITA VM 9 (Version 004)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES
SR SR

No. 1192 VITA VM 9 (Version 003)

PT PT

No. 1602 VITA VM 9 Questions and answers (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES
RU RU
PL PL
PT PT
RO RO
SR SR
CS CS
HU HU
Working instructions

No. 1190 VITA VM 9 (Version 004)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES
BG BG
PL PL
PT PT
RO RO
CS CS
HU HU

No. 1190 VITA VM 9 (Version 002)

RU RU

No. 1190 VITA VM 9 (Version 001)

SR SR
Press

das dental labor: Einsatz Zusatzmassen Vollkeramik Frontzähne, Daniel Carmona Cando (Version 001)

DE DE

dental dialogu 10/2009: VITA VM 9, ZTM Luc und Patrick Rutten (Version 001)

DE DE

DZ 03/2011: Anwenderfall mit VITA VM 9, Klaus Göbel (Version 001)

DE DE

Zahntechniker Magazin 1/2015. ZTM Jürgen R. Freitag. Farbharmonie (Version 001)

DE DE
Order blocks

No. 1194M VITA VM 9 VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER® (Version 001)

DE DE

No. 1541M VITA VM 9 VITA classical A1-D4® (Version 001)

DE DE
Firing tables

VITA VM 9 / 40 T (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA VM 9 / 4000 PT / vPad com + ex + clin (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA-VM-9-Degu-Dent-Cergo-Press.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-9-DEKEMA-Austromat-3001.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-9-DEKEMA-Austromat-M.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-9-Dentsply-Multimat-MC-II.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-9-IVOCLAR-Programat-P9095.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA VM 9 auf VITABLOCS / vPad easy (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA VM 9_VITABLOCS / 40 T (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA VM 9_VITABLOCS / 4000 PT / vPad com + ex + clin (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA-VM-9_VITABLOCS-DEKEMA-Austromat-3001.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-9_VITABLOCS-Dentsply-Multimat-MC-II.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-9_VITABLOCS-IVOCLAR-Programat-P9095.zip (Version 001)

DE DE
Safety data sheets

No. 167 VITA VM 9 EFFECT Bonder Fluid (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES
PL PL
PT PT
RO RO
SR SR
CS CS
NL NL
SV SV
DA DA
FI FI
SK SK
NO NO
SL SL
EN-CA EN-CA
EN-US EN-US
EN-AU EN-AU

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Tearing
  • To support the structure, model in reduced tooth size in order to achieve a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic. Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area. Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas can lead to metal abrasion and discoloration of the ceramic.
  • Keep workplace clean; dust and dirty brush water may cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
  • Do not apply insulating (separating) liquids too thickly.
  • When firing bridges, always separate down to the substructure. Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs only in the thickest area. Therefore a uniform layer thickness is recommended. Do not use any dry or saw-toothed instruments. The use of these instruments can cause the ceramic to become detached and separated from the surface.
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature. For the muffle test, use a mirror to look into the firing chamber and check whether the muffle is firing properly.
  • If a rubber polisher is used before the final finishing, the surface must not be wetted with liquid again. It must first be cleaned. It is not sufficient to clean it using a steam cleaner or with water. Silicone residue at the surface must be removed mechanically using a goat-hair brush.
  • Insulation material residue must not be left on the ceramic surface. Contact with the freshly insulated antagonists (opposing jaw) can lead to problems.
  • When filling the interdental spaces during bridge correction, do not vibrate the material until dry, otherwise the material will not bond. Interdental spaces should be wetted with an oily liquid (e.g. VITA Interno) before filling.
Bubbles
  • Use only diamond instruments and a water-cooled turbine
    for processing the substructure. Do not apply too much
    pressure and use the indicated speed (observe manufacturer's
    instructions). Avoid heat development at the
    surface during finishing. Do not use finishing instruments
    unless necessary. Thermal (heat) treat substructure after
    grinding.
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles
    are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the
    powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
    Keep workplace clean; (metal) dust and dirty brush water
    may cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
    Insulating liquids must not be applied too thickly.
  • Ceramic materials should not be mixed with modelling
    liquid but with distilled water when remixing them.
    It must also be ensured that the mixture is free from
    bubbles. A homogeneous moisture level of the layered
    ceramic must be achieved. Do not keep re-wetting or
    allow it to dry out.
  • Sandblasting the structure with AL2O3 after the first firing
    may cause the formation of bubbles.
Shade too grey / too pale
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles
    are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the
    powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
    Keep workplace clean; dust and dirty brush water may
    cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
    Insulating liquids must not be applied too thickly.
  • Insulation (separating) material residue must not be left
    on the ceramic surface. Do not use baby oil or similar
    liquids for insulating. Contact with the freshly insulated
    antagonists (opposing jaw) can lead to problems.
  • Firing temperature too high or too low: ensure correct
    firing parameters and firing temperature.
  • Too much TRANSPA DENTINE and/or ENAMEL used.
    Not enough BASE DENTINE used.
  • Veneer thickness insufficient; thickness of the ceramic
    layer of ≥0.6 is required to ensure reliable shade
    reproduction.
  • Ceramic materials should not be mixed with modelling
    liquid but with distilled water when remixing them.
    It must also be ensured that the mixture is free from
    bubbles. A homogeneous moisture level of the layered
    ceramic must be achieved. Do not keep re-wetting or
    allow it to dry out.
  • Incomplete predry; liquid did not completely evaporate
    during firing.
Excellent match with the shade guide but considerable...

...deviation after seating (appears too dark).

A discolored die may be the cause. Therefore the shade
of the die must be checked and the die must be coated
or bleached if necessary. Use of Vita Simulate (prep shade)
material is highly recommended.

Errors during firing
  • Ensure good marginal adaptation of the materials.
    If necessary, use a dry and clean brush to smooth these
    areas before firing.
  • When firing bridges, always separate down to the
    substructure in the interdental spaces prior to the first
    dentine firing. Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs in
    the thickest area; therefore a uniform layer thickness is
    recommended. Do not use any dry and saw-toothed
    instruments. These may cause the ceramic to become
    detached and separate from the surface of the substructure.
  • Crown has a "lifeless" appearance or insufficient translucency
    (incorrect liquid may have been used).
  • Crown has a glassy appearance or round edges after
    firing: check firing muffle!
  • Incorrect furnace parameters or defective vacuum pump.
  • Incorrect predrying; clouding, greyish discoloration.
Are there any special shoulder materials for VITA VM 9?

VITA VM 9 MARGIN materials are available; however,
these materials are only used for minor corrections of
margins.

Can the zirconium oxide substructure be...

...completely sandblasted before it is veneered with VITA VM 9?

No, mechanical surface treatment such as grinding with
diamond instruments and sandblasting may supply hypercritical
quantities of energy to the zirconium oxide substructure,
which may result in deformation of large areas
of the crystal lattice or even in the phase transition of
ZrO2. As a consequence, complex stress can be formed
at the interface of the veneer which may result in the
immediate failure or also in subcritical crack growth and
consequential latent damage to the restoration.
This effect can be detected e.g. by radiographic phase
analysis (fig. 1). Compared with tetragonal ZrO2, monoclinic,
ZrO2 features a lower CTE.

If the zirconium oxide restoration is to be cemented using
a phosphate monomer containing composite
(e.g. PANAVIA), sandblasting of the adhesion surfaces
with AL2O3 (max. 50 μm) at a pressure of ≤ 2.5 bars will
create a permanent bond between the composite and the
oxide ceramic.

Chipping
  • When modelling the framework, the minimum layer thicknesses should be observed right from the beginning to ensure minimum wall thicknesses of 0.5 mm in the circumferential and 0.7 mm in the occlusal area. Follow manufacturers' instructions concerning the thickness of junctures.
  • If minor corrections of the substructures need to be performed after sintering, work exclusively with diamonds and a turbine with water cooling. Do not sandblast the outer surfaces. Do not apply too much pressure and use the indicated speed (observe manufacturer's instructions).
  • Avoid heat development at the surface. Do not use finishing instruments since their binders may adhere to the surface. After grinding, thermal treatment (regeneration firing) is recommended to reverse any phase transitions on the surface. Resulting microcracks cannot be regenerated.
  • To support the structure, model in reduced tooth size in order to achieve a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic. Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area. Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • Substructure should exclusively be finished with diamond abrasives and turbine with water cooling. Do not sandblast the outer surfaces. Do not apply too much pressure and use the indicated speed (observe manufacturer's instructions).
  • To achieve optimum wetting of the ZrO2 surface, we recommend a Base Dentine washbake (alternatively, Transpa Dentine, Chroma Plus, Effect Liner, etc. may also be used). The material must be applied in accordance with the working instructions. To ensure proper melting of the Base Dentine, the correct temperature (+40°C compared to the normal firing temperature) must be kept. The surface needs to exhibit a brilliant appearance.
  • When preparing a ceramic veneer, a uniform layer thickness across the entire surface to be veneered must be ensured.
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature. A different heat-up rate (for example 45°C per minute), is recommended for large-span bridges and thick bridge units due to the low thermal conductivity.
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature. For checking carry out muffle test with mirror (optimum temperature range: 200 – 300°C).
  • Grind the surface of the ceramic with diamond abrasives. Avoid developing heat during grinding. When using blunt diamonds, do not increase the grinding pressure but replace the abrasive instrument. When using a turbine, water cooling must always be ensured.
  • If the restoration needs to be adjusted (ground) when it is tried in, it must be smoothed again. Polishing or glaze firing have proved to be highly suitable.
  • The entire thickness of the ceramic layer should not exceed 2 mm.
  • To avoid any residual thermal stress in the veneering material, in particular in large restorations such as large molars, pontics or bridges, we recommend slow cooling down to the transformation temperature of the veneering material (approx. 600°C for VITA VM 9). This should be accomplished during the final firing of the restoration, whether that be a dentine, enamel or glaze firing.
Pinholing in the surface
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles
    are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the
    powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
    Keep workplace clean; dust and dirty brush water may
    cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
    Insulating (separating) liquids must not be applied too
    thickly.
  • Ceramics should not be mixed with modelling liquid but
    with distilled water when remixing them. It must also be
    ensured that the mixture is free from bubbles. A homogeneous
    moisture level of the layered ceramic must be
    achieved. Do not keep re-wetting or allow it to dry out.
  • The correction porcelain should not be applied in insufficient
    portions. Make sure it does not dry out too
    much. If necessary use a liquid which keeps it moist over an extended period.
  • Avoid frequent removal (suction) and rewetting of the
    material; ensure homogeneous moisture level.
  • Wet ground surfaces before applying ceramic material (do not use oily liquids such as Interno Liquid).
Black specks in the ceramic
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no
    bubbles are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to
    the powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
  • Keep workplace clean; (metal) dust and dirty brush water
    may cause problems.
  • Do not apply insulation (separating) liquids too thick. Do not use baby oil or similar liquids.
Cracking
  • To support the structure, model in reduced tooth size in
    order to achieve a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic.
    Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area.
    Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • Avoid heat development at the surface.
  • Base dentine washbake must be applied in accordance
    with the working instructions to achieve good wetting
    of the surface. The required temperature must be adhered
    to in order to ensure correct melting of Base Dentine.
  • When firing bridges, always separate down to the substructure.
    Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs only
    in the thickest area. Therefore a uniform layer thickness
    is recommended. Do not use any dry or saw-toothed
    instruments. The use of these instruments can cause
    the ceramic to become detached and separated from
    the surface.
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature.
    For the muffle test, use a mirror to look into the firing
    chamber and check whether the muffle is firing properly.
  • Grind the surface of the ceramic with diamond abrasives.
    Avoid developing heat when grinding.
    When using blunt diamonds, do not increase the grinding
    pressure but replace the abrasive instrument. When
    using a turbine, water cooling must always be ensured.
  • Do not use firing trays with metal pins.
Clouding
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature.
    For checking carry out muffle test with mirror (optimum
    temperature range: 200 to 300°C).
  • Insulation (separating) material residue must not be left
    on the ceramic surface. Do not use baby oil or similar
    liquids for insulating. Contact with the freshly insulated
    antagonists (opposing jaw) can lead to problems.
  • The correction material should not be applied in insufficient
    portions. Make sure it does not dry out too
    much; if necessary use a liquid which keeps it moist over
    an extended period (VITA MODELLING FLUID or add
    a drop of VITA Interno Fluid).
  • Firing temperature too low.
    Tip: Carry out WINDOW test
  • Avoid frequent removal (suction) and rewetting of the
    material; ensure homogeneous moisture level.
  • Incomplete predry; liquid did not completely evaporate
    during firing.
Bonding problems - all-ceramic substructure to veneering ceramic
  • Base dentine washbake must be applied in accordance with the working instructions to achieve good wetting of the surface. The required temperature must be adhered to in order to ensure correct melting of Base Dentine. Recently layered ceramic must not be preheated too quickly or at excessive temperatures.
  •  When filling interdental spaces during bridge correction, do not vibrate the material until dry, otherwise the material will not bond. Interdental spaces should be wetted with an oily liquid (e.g. VITA INTERNO Liquid, do NOT use baby oil) before filling.
What is the purpose/indication range of the VITA VM 9 EFFECT LINER?

VITA VM 9 EFFECT LINER must not be mixed up with
LINER materials of competitors. VITA VM 9 EFFECT LINER
is not used for coloring the zirconium dioxide
substructure.

The EFFECT LINER has demonstrated particularly high
fluorescence and is used to control the fluorescence from
the depth.

Which substructure materials can be veneered with VITA VM 9?

If the information in the working instructions and the
guidelines on substructure fabrication/design provided
by VITA are adhered to, VITAVM 9 can be used for substructures
made from 3Y-TZP (-A) – regardless of the
respective manufacturer. Since the function depends on
a variety of different parameters, the quality of the individual
restoration can only be ensured by the user.

Moreover, VITA VM 9 is perfectly suited for individualizing
all VITABLOCS and PM 9.

What is the purpose of the BASE DENTINE washbake?

The BASE DENTINE washbake is used to achieve good
bonding of the veneering material to the substructure
material.

In the case of bridge pontics - how can the intensity...

...of the COLORING LIQUID be influenced?

The intensity of the COLORING LIQUID can be changed
by applying it with a brush.

Use a brush to wet the substructure with distilled water
and then dip it into COLORING LIQUID to reduce the color
saturation of the substructure.

Marginal shrinkage of the ceramic
  • Model the substructure to a reduced tooth size to support and ensure a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic. Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area. Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • Ensure good marginal adaptation of the materials. If necessary, use a dry and clean brush (brush No. 10) to smooth these areas (from incisal to cervical) before firing.
  • When firing bridges, always separate porcelain down to the substructure in the interdental spaces. Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs in the thickest area; therefore a uniform layer thickness is recommended. Do not use dry or saw-toothed instruments. These may cause the ceramic to become detached and separate from the surface of the substructure.
  • If a rubber polisher is used before finishing, the surface must not be wetted with liquid afterwards. It must first be cleaned. It is not sufficient to clean it with a steam cleaner or with water. Silicone residue at the surface must be removed mechanically using a goat-hair brush.
  • Insulation material (separator) residue must not be left on the ceramic surface. Contact with freshly insulated antagonists (opposing teeth) can lead to problems.
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