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Glossary.

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Payment allowance
Flat rate payable per (treatment) case, i.e. regardless of the type and quantity of individual services actually rendered.
Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and bridges
Conventional crowns consist of a metal coping, which is veneered with ceramic for cosmetic reasons. After a while the gingiva may recede and the dark metal margin becomes visible. Metals may lead to incompatibility reactions (such as irritations, inflammations, etc.).
Primary teeth
The first milk teeth erupt at the age of 6 months but rather in the lower than the upper jaw. The primary dentition consists of 20 teeth. In contrast to the permanent dentition the small premolars and the wisdom teeth are not yet established.
Palatinal
Referring to the palate
Periodontitis
Inflammation caused by bacteria that results in a largely irreversible destruction of the tooth-supporting tissue (paradentium). In contrast to gingivitis, a reduction of the bone can be verified through X-ray exposures.
Plaque
Deposit on the teeth, especially at hardly accessible areas. It consists of saliva, metabolites of bacteria, food residues and bacteria. Plaque is the prerequisite for the development of caries and periodontitis.
Preparation
Grinding and preparing the tooth to incorporate dental restorations such as inlays, crowns or bridges. Very important and responsible work which is carried out by the dentist.
Professional teeth cleaning
Mechanical cleaning of the teeth that far exceeds what patients can achieve themselves as part of their daily oral hygiene routine. An essential part of preventive care in dental medicine. See also preventive care.
Preventive care
Preventive measures carried out systematically with the aim of promoting healthy teeth and a healthy periodontium.
Prosthesis
Appliance for the replacement of teeth (full denture, partial denture).
Pulp
The pulp of the teeth fills the cavity in crown and root or the roots of the tooth. It consists of connective tissue, blood vessels, nerves and lymphatic vessels.
Pivot tooth
Dental restoration that is integrated into the tooth root as a compensation for substance lost during a root treatment. Designed to stabilize the tooth and give the crown enough retention by building a stump shape.
Partial crown
Form of a crown made of metal, acrylics or ceramics that only partially covers the tooth (cf. onlay, overlay)
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