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VITAVM®7

Fine-structure ceramic for all-ceramic framework materials in the in the CTE range of 7.2-7.8

VITA VM 7 was developed as a special fine-structure feldspar veneering ceramic for all-ceramic substructure materials in the CTE range of 7.2–7.8 (of Al2O3).

Like all VITA VM materials, VITA VM 7 is distinguished by its light refraction and reflection properties resembling those of natural tooth enamel. The use of additional fluorescent and opalescent porcelains permits outstandingly individual, high quality results.

Features/Benefits

  • Easy to use due to optimal consistency and modeling properties
  • Superb grinding and polishing results, especially in situ
  • Homogenous, dense surfaces
  • Proven to closely resemble tooth enamel
  • Outstanding firing stability even after several firing processes
  • a full range of additional materials for individualization
  • Compatible with VITA AKZENT Plus and VITA INTERNO stains

A study carried out by Giordano of the Goldman School of Dental Medicine, University of Boston, investigated the abrasion behavior of various ceramic materials in comparison to that of natural tooth enamel. VITA VM 7 was found to be the best material, as its fine structure results in abrasion behavior almost identical to that of natural tooth enamel.

VITAVM®7 products

VITAVM®7 VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®

VITA VM 7 BASE DENTINE, 12 g / 50 g
Description Powder no. Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
0M1 ENL B4103112 -
0M2 ENL B4103212 -
0M3 ENL B4103312 -
1M1 ENL B4103412 B4103450
1M2 ENL B4103512 B4103550
2L1.5 ENL B4103612 -
2L2.5 ENL B4103712 -
2M1 ENL B4103812 B4103850
2M2 ENL B4103912 B4103950
2M3 ENL B4104012 B4104050
2R1.5 ENL B4104112 -
2R2.5 ENL B4104212 -
3L1.5 ENL B4104312 B4104350
3L2.5 ENL B4104412 B4104450
3M1 ENL B4104512 B4104550
3M2 ENL B4104612 B4104650
3M3 ENL B4104712 B4104750
3R1.5 ENL B4104812 B4104850
3R2.5 ENL B4104912 B4104950
4L1.5 END B4105012 -
4L2.5 END B4105112 -
4M1 END B4105212 B4105250
4M2 END B4105312 B4105350
4M3 END B4105412 B4105450
4R1.5 END B4105512 -
4R2.5 END B4105612 -
5M1 END B4105712 -
5M2 END B4105812 -
5M3 END B4105912 -
VITA VM 7 TRANSPA DENTINE, 12 g / 50 g
Description Powder no. Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
0M1 ENL B4106112 -
0M2 ENL B4106212 -
0M3 ENL B4106312 -
1M1 ENL B4106412 B4106450
1M2 ENL B4106512 B4106550
2L1.5 ENL B4106612 -
2L2.5 ENL B4106712 -
2M1 ENL B4106812 B4106850
2M2 ENL B4106912 B4106950
2M3 ENL B4107012 B4107050
2R1.5 ENL B4107112 -
2R2.5 ENL B4107212 -
3L1.5 ENL B4107312 B4107350
3L2.5 ENL B4107412 B4107450
3M1 ENL B4107512 B4107550
3M2 ENL B4107612 B4107650
3M3 ENL B4107712 B4107750
3R1.5 ENL B4107812 B4107850
3R2.5 ENL B4107912 B4107950
4L1.5 END B4108012 -
4L2.5 END B4108112 -
4M1 END B4108212 B4108250
4M2 END B4108312 B4108350
4M3 END B4108412 B4108450
4R1.5 END B4108512 -
4R2.5 END B4108612 -
5M1 END B4108712 -
5M2 END B4108812 -
5M3 END B4108912 -

VITAVM®7 additional powder

VITA VM 7 EFFECT ENAMEL, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EE1 B4109112
EE2 B4109212
EE3 B4109312
EE4 B4109412
EE5 B4109512
EE6 B4109612
EE7 B4109712
EE8 B4109812
EE9 B4109912
EE10 B4110012
EE11 B4110112
VITA VM 7 EFFECT CHROMA, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EC1 B4112112
EC2 B4112212
EC3 B4112312
EC4 B4112412
EC5 B4112512
EC6 B4112612
EC7 B4112712
EC8 B4112812
EC9 B4112912
EC10 B4113012
EC11 B4113112
VITA VM 7 EFFECT LINER, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EL1 B4114112
EL2 B4114212
EL3 B4114312
EL4 B4114412
EL5 B4114512
EL6 B4114612
VITA VM 7 EFFECT PEARL, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EP1 B4115112
EP2 B4115212
EP3 B4115312
VITA VM 7 MAMELON, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
MM1 B4116112
MM2 B4116212
MM3 B4116312
VITA VM 7 EFFECT OPAL, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
EO1 B4117112
EO2 B4117212
EO3 B4117312
EO4 B4117412
EO5 B4117512
VITA VM 7 WINDOW, 12 g / 50 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
WIN B4118112 B4118150
VITA VM 7 ENAMEL, 12 g / 50 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
ENL B4119112 B4119150
END B4119212 B4119250
VITA VM 7 NEUTRAL, 12 g / 50 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g Prod. no. 50 g
NT B4120112 B4120150
VITA VM 7 CORRECTIVE, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
COR1 B4122112
COR2 B4122212
COR3 B4122312
VITA VM 7 GINGIVA, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
G1 B4123112
G2 B4123212
G3 B4123312
G4 B4123412
G5 B4123512
VITA VM 7 CHROMA PLUS, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
CP2 B4124212
CP3 B4124312
CP4 B4124412
VITA VM 7 MARGIN, 12 g
Description Prod. no. 12 g
M1 B4126112
M4 B4126412
M5 B4126512
M7 B4126712
M8 B4126812
M9 B4126912

VITAVM®7 kits

VITAVM®7 VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®

VITAVM®7 BASIC KIT VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Basic kit for BASIC layering
BV7BK12N
QuantityContentMaterial
2612 gVITA VM 7 BASE DENTINE 1M1 - 1M2, 2L1.5 - 2L2.5, 2M1 - 2M3, 2R1.5 - 2R2.5, 3L1.5 - 3L2.5, 3M1 - 3M3, 3R1.5 - 3R2.5, 4L1.5 - 4L2.5, 4M1 - 4M3, 4R1.5 - 4R2.5, 5M1 - 5M3
212 gVITA VM 7 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 7 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 7 WINDOW WIN
312 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT LINER EL2 - EL4
312 gVITA VM 7 CORRECTIVE COR1 - COR3
312 gVITA VM 7 CHROMA PLUS CP2 - CP4
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
1VITA MODISOL
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Firing base G (pack of 2 trays and 20 pins)
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 7 3D-MASTER
1VITA Toothguide 3D-Master with Bleached Shade Guide
VITAVM®7 BASIC KIT SMALL VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Small basic kit for BASIC layering
BV7BKS12N
QuantityContentMaterial
1512 gVITA VM 7 BASE DENTINE 1M2 - 1M1
212 gVITA VM 7 ENAMEL ENL, END
112 gVITA VM 7 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 7 WINDOW WIN
112 gVITA VM 7 CORRECTIVE COR1
312 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT LINER EL2 - EL4
312 gVITA VM 7 CHROMA PLUS CP2 - CP4
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
1VITA MODISOL
12 pcs.Fibrous pad firing support
1Firing base G (pack of 2 trays and 20 pins)
1Shade indicator for VITA VM 7 3D-MASTER
1VITA Toothguide 3D-Master with Bleached Shade Guide
VITAVM®7 BLEACHED COLOR KIT VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Very light shades to reproduce bleached teeth
BV7BLK
QuantityContentMaterial
312 gVITA VM 7 BASE DENTINE 0M1 - 0M3
312 gVITA VM 7 TRANSPA DENTINE 0M1 - 0M3
112 gVITA VM 7 ENAMEL ENL
112 gVITA VM 7 NEUTRAL NT
112 gVITA VM 7 WINDOW WIN
112 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT LINER EL1
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
1VITA BLEACHED SHADE GUIDE, Shade Group 0
VITAVM®7 BUILD UP KIT VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Build-up kit for BUILD UP layering
BV7BUK12
QuantityContentMaterial
2612 gVITA VM 7 TRANSPA DENTINE 1M1 - 1M2, 2L1.5 - 2L2.5, 2M1 - 2M3, 2R1.5 - 2R2.5, 3L1.5 - 3L2.5, 3M1 - 3M3, 3R1.5 - 3R2.5, 4L1.5 - 4L2.5, 4M1 - 4M3, 4R1.5 - 4R2.5, 5M1 - 5M3
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
VITAVM®7 BUILD UP KIT SMALL VITA SYSTEM 3D-MASTER®
Small build-up kit for BUILD UP layering
BV7BUKS12
QuantityContentMaterial
1512 gVITA VM 7 TRANSPA DENTINE 1M1 - 4M3
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
VITAVM®7 ONE COLOR KIT 2M2
One-shade kit for initial tests
BV7OCK2M2V2
QuantityContentMaterial
112 gVITA VM 7 BASE DENTINE 2M2
112 gVITA VM 7 ENAMEL ENL
112 gVITA VM 7 WINDOW WIN
15 gVITA AKZENT Plus GLAZE POWDER
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
120 mlVITA AKZENT Plus POWDER FLUID
1VITA shade indicator stick 2M2
VITAVM®7 ONE COLOR KIT 3M2
One-shade kit for initial tests
BV7OCK3M2V2
QuantityContentMaterial
112 gVITA VM 7 BASE DENTINE 3M2
112 gVITA VM 7 ENAMEL ENL
112 gVITA VM 7 WINDOW WIN
15 gVITA AKZENT Plus GLAZE POWDER
150 mlVITA VM MODELLING LIQUID
120 mlVITA AKZENT Plus POWDER FLUID
1VITA shade indicator stick 3M2

VITAVM®7 additional powder

VITAVM®7 GINGIVA KIT
Natural-looking gingiva pastes
BV7GKV1
QuantityContentMaterial
512 gVITA VM 7 GINGIVA G1 - G5
1Shade guide for VITA VM GINGIVA / MARGIN
VITAVM®7 MARGIN KIT
Only for minor corrections in the area of margins
BV7MKV1
QuantityContentMaterial
612 gVITA VM 7 MARGIN M1, M4 - M5, M7 - M9
1Shade guide for VITA VM GINGIVA / MARGIN
VITAVM®7 PROFESSIONAL KIT SMALL
Additional materials for achieving special shade effects and individualizing the restoration
BV7PKS
QuantityContentMaterial
512 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT CHROMA EC1, EC4, EC6, EC8 - EC9
112 gVITA VM 7 MAMELON MM2
112 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT PEARL EP1
112 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT OPAL EO2
712 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT ENAMEL EE1, EE3, EE7 - EE11
1Shade guide for VITA VM PROFESSIONAL KIT SMALL
VITAVM®7 PROFESSIONAL KIT
Additional materials for achieving special shade effects and individualizing the restoration
BV7PKV2
QuantityContentMaterial
1112 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT CHROMA EC1 - EC11
312 gVITA VM 7 MAMELON MM1 - MM3
312 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT PEARL EP1 - EP3
512 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT OPAL EO1 - EO5
1112 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT ENAMEL EE1 - EE11
612 gVITA VM 7 EFFECT LINER EL1 - EL6
1Shade guide for VITA VM EFFECT LINER / EFFECT OPAL / MAMELON
1Shade guide for VITA VM EFFECT CHROMA
1Shade guide for VITA VM EFFECT ENAMEL / EFFECT PEARL
VITA AKZENT® Plus

VITA AKZENT® Plus
Optimizes everything. Effortlessly.

VITA INTERNO®

VITA INTERNO®
For reproducing the shade effects found in the tooth interior

VITA Easyshade®

VITA Easyshade®
One device – a multitude of applications. And always with your needs in mind.

VITA VACUMAT® 6000 M

VITA VACUMAT® 6000 M
Premium ceramic furnace with surprising details and impressive reliability

Product information brochure up to 4 pages

No. 1226 VITA VM 7 (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES
PL PL
PT PT
Working instructions

No. 10258 VITA VM 7 Veneer working instruction (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

No. 1110 VITA VM 7 (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES
RU RU
BG BG
PL PL
PT PT
RO RO
SR SR
CS CS
HU HU
Press

das dental labor: Einsatz Zusatzmassen Vollkeramik Frontzähne, Daniel Carmona Cando (Version 001)

DE DE
Order blocks

No. 1117M VITA VM 7 (Version 001)

DE DE
Firing tables

VITA VM 7 / 40 T (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA VM 7 / 4000 PT / vPad com + ex + clin (Version 001)

EN EN
DE DE
FR FR
IT IT
ES ES

VITA-VM-7-Degu-Dent-Cergo-Press.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-7-DEKEMA-Austromat-3001.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-7-DEKEMA-Austromat-M.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-7-Dentsply-Multimat-MC-II.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

VITA-VM-7-IVOCLAR-Programat-P9095.zip (Version 001)

DE DE

Easy download for multiple documents

Download a .zip file containing all the selected files in a single step.
Simply tick the files then click here.
Tearing
  • To support the structure, model in reduced tooth size in order to achieve a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic. Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area. Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas can lead to metal abrasion and discoloration of the ceramic.
  • Keep workplace clean; dust and dirty brush water may cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
  • Do not apply insulating (separating) liquids too thickly.
  • When firing bridges, always separate down to the substructure. Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs only in the thickest area. Therefore a uniform layer thickness is recommended. Do not use any dry or saw-toothed instruments. The use of these instruments can cause the ceramic to become detached and separated from the surface.
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature. For the muffle test, use a mirror to look into the firing chamber and check whether the muffle is firing properly.
  • If a rubber polisher is used before the final finishing, the surface must not be wetted with liquid again. It must first be cleaned. It is not sufficient to clean it using a steam cleaner or with water. Silicone residue at the surface must be removed mechanically using a goat-hair brush.
  • Insulation material residue must not be left on the ceramic surface. Contact with the freshly insulated antagonists (opposing jaw) can lead to problems.
  • When filling the interdental spaces during bridge correction, do not vibrate the material until dry, otherwise the material will not bond. Interdental spaces should be wetted with an oily liquid (e.g. VITA Interno) before filling.
Bubbles
  • Use only diamond instruments and a water-cooled turbine
    for processing the substructure. Do not apply too much
    pressure and use the indicated speed (observe manufacturer's
    instructions). Avoid heat development at the
    surface during finishing. Do not use finishing instruments
    unless necessary. Thermal (heat) treat substructure after
    grinding.
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles
    are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the
    powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
    Keep workplace clean; (metal) dust and dirty brush water
    may cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
    Insulating liquids must not be applied too thickly.
  • Ceramic materials should not be mixed with modelling
    liquid but with distilled water when remixing them.
    It must also be ensured that the mixture is free from
    bubbles. A homogeneous moisture level of the layered
    ceramic must be achieved. Do not keep re-wetting or
    allow it to dry out.
  • Sandblasting the structure with AL2O3 after the first firing
    may cause the formation of bubbles.
Shade too grey / too pale
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles
    are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the
    powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
    Keep workplace clean; dust and dirty brush water may
    cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
    Insulating liquids must not be applied too thickly.
  • Insulation (separating) material residue must not be left
    on the ceramic surface. Do not use baby oil or similar
    liquids for insulating. Contact with the freshly insulated
    antagonists (opposing jaw) can lead to problems.
  • Firing temperature too high or too low: ensure correct
    firing parameters and firing temperature.
  • Too much TRANSPA DENTINE and/or ENAMEL used.
    Not enough BASE DENTINE used.
  • Veneer thickness insufficient; thickness of the ceramic
    layer of ≥0.6 is required to ensure reliable shade
    reproduction.
  • Ceramic materials should not be mixed with modelling
    liquid but with distilled water when remixing them.
    It must also be ensured that the mixture is free from
    bubbles. A homogeneous moisture level of the layered
    ceramic must be achieved. Do not keep re-wetting or
    allow it to dry out.
  • Incomplete predry; liquid did not completely evaporate
    during firing.
Excellent match with the shade guide but considerable...

...deviation after seating (appears too dark).

A discolored die may be the cause. Therefore the shade
of the die must be checked and the die must be coated
or bleached if necessary. Use of Vita Simulate (prep shade)
material is highly recommended.

Errors during firing
  • Ensure good marginal adaptation of the materials.
    If necessary, use a dry and clean brush to smooth these
    areas before firing.
  • When firing bridges, always separate down to the
    substructure in the interdental spaces prior to the first
    dentine firing. Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs in
    the thickest area; therefore a uniform layer thickness is
    recommended. Do not use any dry and saw-toothed
    instruments. These may cause the ceramic to become
    detached and separate from the surface of the substructure.
  • Crown has a "lifeless" appearance or insufficient translucency
    (incorrect liquid may have been used).
  • Crown has a glassy appearance or round edges after
    firing: check firing muffle!
  • Incorrect furnace parameters or defective vacuum pump.
  • Incorrect predrying; clouding, greyish discoloration.
Pinholing in the surface
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no bubbles
    are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to the
    powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
    Keep workplace clean; dust and dirty brush water may
    cause problems (such as formation of bubbles).
    Insulating (separating) liquids must not be applied too
    thickly.
  • Ceramics should not be mixed with modelling liquid but
    with distilled water when remixing them. It must also be
    ensured that the mixture is free from bubbles. A homogeneous
    moisture level of the layered ceramic must be
    achieved. Do not keep re-wetting or allow it to dry out.
  • The correction porcelain should not be applied in insufficient
    portions. Make sure it does not dry out too
    much. If necessary use a liquid which keeps it moist over an extended period.
  • Avoid frequent removal (suction) and rewetting of the
    material; ensure homogeneous moisture level.
  • Wet ground surfaces before applying ceramic material (do not use oily liquids such as Interno Liquid).
Black specks in the ceramic
  • When mixing all ceramic materials ensure that no
    bubbles are formed. Make sure that the liquid is added to
    the powder from the side and stir the mixture thoroughly
    using a glass or agate spatula. The use of metal spatulas
    must be avoided since it may lead to metal abrasion and
    discoloration of the ceramic.
  • Keep workplace clean; (metal) dust and dirty brush water
    may cause problems.
  • Do not apply insulation (separating) liquids too thick. Do not use baby oil or similar liquids.
Cracking
  • To support the structure, model in reduced tooth size in
    order to achieve a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic.
    Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area.
    Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • Avoid heat development at the surface.
  • Base dentine washbake must be applied in accordance
    with the working instructions to achieve good wetting
    of the surface. The required temperature must be adhered
    to in order to ensure correct melting of Base Dentine.
  • When firing bridges, always separate down to the substructure.
    Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs only
    in the thickest area. Therefore a uniform layer thickness
    is recommended. Do not use any dry or saw-toothed
    instruments. The use of these instruments can cause
    the ceramic to become detached and separated from
    the surface.
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature.
    For the muffle test, use a mirror to look into the firing
    chamber and check whether the muffle is firing properly.
  • Grind the surface of the ceramic with diamond abrasives.
    Avoid developing heat when grinding.
    When using blunt diamonds, do not increase the grinding
    pressure but replace the abrasive instrument. When
    using a turbine, water cooling must always be ensured.
  • Do not use firing trays with metal pins.
Clouding
  • Ensure correct firing parameters and firing temperature.
    For checking carry out muffle test with mirror (optimum
    temperature range: 200 to 300°C).
  • Insulation (separating) material residue must not be left
    on the ceramic surface. Do not use baby oil or similar
    liquids for insulating. Contact with the freshly insulated
    antagonists (opposing jaw) can lead to problems.
  • The correction material should not be applied in insufficient
    portions. Make sure it does not dry out too
    much; if necessary use a liquid which keeps it moist over
    an extended period (VITA MODELLING FLUID or add
    a drop of VITA Interno Fluid).
  • Firing temperature too low.
    Tip: Carry out WINDOW test
  • Avoid frequent removal (suction) and rewetting of the
    material; ensure homogeneous moisture level.
  • Incomplete predry; liquid did not completely evaporate
    during firing.
Bonding problems - all-ceramic substructure to veneering ceramic
  • Base dentine washbake must be applied in accordance with the working instructions to achieve good wetting of the surface. The required temperature must be adhered to in order to ensure correct melting of Base Dentine. Recently layered ceramic must not be preheated too quickly or at excessive temperatures.
  •  When filling interdental spaces during bridge correction, do not vibrate the material until dry, otherwise the material will not bond. Interdental spaces should be wetted with an oily liquid (e.g. VITA INTERNO Liquid, do NOT use baby oil) before filling.
Marginal shrinkage of the ceramic
  • Model the substructure to a reduced tooth size to support and ensure a uniform layer thickness of the ceramic. Ensure cuspal support of the posterior area. Ensure U-shaped modellation of the interdental spaces.
  • Ensure good marginal adaptation of the materials. If necessary, use a dry and clean brush (brush No. 10) to smooth these areas (from incisal to cervical) before firing.
  • When firing bridges, always separate porcelain down to the substructure in the interdental spaces. Shrinkage of the ceramic always occurs in the thickest area; therefore a uniform layer thickness is recommended. Do not use dry or saw-toothed instruments. These may cause the ceramic to become detached and separate from the surface of the substructure.
  • If a rubber polisher is used before finishing, the surface must not be wetted with liquid afterwards. It must first be cleaned. It is not sufficient to clean it with a steam cleaner or with water. Silicone residue at the surface must be removed mechanically using a goat-hair brush.
  • Insulation material (separator) residue must not be left on the ceramic surface. Contact with freshly insulated antagonists (opposing teeth) can lead to problems.
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